Known for unity in diversity, the beautiful country of India is diverse in everything. From region to religion and from location to language, it shows different colors that make its truly different and stupendous. India enjoys a rich heritage that is clearly visible in its each facet including historical monuments, magnificent architectures, museums, costumes and lifestyle. One can witness different patterns of arts in various states of India. These arts are comprised of paintings, literature, embroidery works, folk music and folk dance forms. All these arts somehow affect the Indian culture and traditions. Here, through this article, folk dances of Indian states are going to be discussed. Indian folk dances are having an unusual appeal that are not performed by professionals or experts but enjoyed by common people during festival or at any special occasion. If you are an explorer and want to witness these expressions of joy (folk dances), visit different states of India and see what difference it brings in your life. Here is the list of few most popular folk dance art forms of India.
Garba & Dandiya Raas, Gujarat
Garba is a significant folk dance of Gujarat that is traditionally enjoyed during Navratri festival celebration. It is traditionally performed by women in a circular pattern of movement and rhythmic clapping. Dandiya Raas is an energetic dance performance enjoyed with much fervor and enthusiasm by both men and women using sticks. Both of these dances have special costumes.
Performed in Indian state of Maharashtra, Lavani is a blend of traditional song and dance performed on the tunes of Dholak. This dance form is recognized for its powerful rhythm and erotic sentiment. It has contributed significantly into the development of Marathi folk theatre. Lavni is performed by the female performers wearing nine-yard long saris. The songs are sung in a quick tempo.
Bhangra & Gidha, Punjab
Bhangra is the most energetic and popular dance performance that is performed wearing traditional Punjabi costumes on tunes of Dhol. It is mainly enjoyed during harvest season by men and women. Giddha is a female folk dance of Punjab that highlights the elegance and beauty of women. It is accompanied with folk couplets.
It is a famous folk dance form in Rajasthan that is performed by women wearing traditional costume of the state in a group. The name of the dance is derived from the word, Ghoomna. Mostly, this dance is performed to worship Goddess Saraswati. However, on some celebrations, it is also performed.
Bihu Dance, Assam
On the occasion of the famous harvest festival of Assam, Bihu dance is performed. It is performed during the day time in open-air by a group of young men and women. Key factors of this dance form are its brisk dance steps and rapid hand movement. Dancers wear special costumes and dance on the tunes of drums and pipes.
There are several other folk dance performances in India that can be witnessed during your visit to other states of India. The beautiful culture of India truly reflects through these folk dance forms. If you are planning a trip to India, must explore its living cultural heritage through these dance forms.